Jamdani saree online – The traditional art of Bengal

jamdani saree online

Jamdani saree online is a beautifully patterned, sheer cotton fabric, traditionally woven on a handloom by craftspeople around Dhaka. Jamdani textile combines intricacy of design with muted or vibrant colours, and the finished garments are highly breathable. Jamdani is a time consuming and labour intensive form of weaving procedure because of the richness of its motifs, which are created directly on the loom using the discontinuous weft technique. Weaving is thriving today due to the fabric’s popularity for making sarees. The Jamdani saree is a symbol of identity, self-recognition and dignity and provides wearers a sense of cultural identity and social cohesion. The weavers develop an occupational identity and feels proud in their heritage; they enjoy social recognition and are highly appreciated for their skills. A few master weavers are  bearers of the traditional Jamdani weaving techniques, and transmit the knowledge and skills to their disciples. However, Jamdani weaving is principally inherited by children from their parents in home workshops. Weavers – together with spinners, dyers, loom-dressers and practitioners of a number of other supporting crafts – form a closely knit community with a strong sense of unity, identity and continuity.

The term Jamdani is originally a Persian word derived from ‘Jam’, meaning flower, and ‘Dani’, a vase or a container, named after decorative floral patterns found on Dhakai textile. It is a rare muslin cloth on which decorative motifs are woven on the loom, in different multicolour. Often a mixture of cotton and gold thread was used.

The origin of Jamdani and its importance as an industry is found in Kautilya’s Arthashastra written by KAUTILYA which is a economics book in 3rd century BC)

Weaving of Jamdani saree online is a rare weft technique and the artistic motifs are produced by a non-structural weft, in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. Standard weft creates a fine, sheer fabric while the supplementary weft with thicker threads adds the intricate patterns to it.Supplementary weft motif is added separately by hand by interlacing the weft threads into the warp with fine bamboo sticks using individual spools of thread. The result is a myriad of vibrant patterns that appear to float on a shimmering surface.  Remarkable part in this weaving technique is that the pattern is not sketched or outlined on the fabric. But, it is drawn on a graph paper and placed underneath the warp.

From the middle of the 19th century, there was a gradual decline in the jamdani industry. A number of factors contributed to this decline. The subsequent import of lower quality, but cheaper yarn from Europe, started the decline. A senior taanti or “ostad” earns about RS 2,500 to RS 3,000 per month according to a national daily, . Junior weavers get much less, around RS 1,600. As a result, many weavers do not want their children to come to this profession. For many, the garments industry offer a lucrative alternative.

In 2009 a Geographical Indication for Jamdani was filed by India .  However Bangladesh felt that the GI should be granted to Bangladesh. Several protests continued in Bangladesh following it.

Jamdani saree online has never gone out of style. Even today, Jamdani is equally valued It has and it always will symbolize aristocracy. Over the years demand for quality Jamdani Sarees have increased exponentially

 

See some exclusive jamdani collection from the house of craftbaba

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